Admission Announcement: MS in Meteorology, Department of Meteorology, University of Dhaka
Syllabus for the M.S. In Meteorology Program
(Draft)
Syllabus
M.S. in Meteorology and Climate Science
Department of Meteorology
University of Dhaka
August 2017
Table of contents
Mark distribution against grades: 3
5.2.1 Met 501 Physical Meteorology. 6
5.2.2 Met 502 Mathematics for atmospheric science. 7
5.2.3 Met 503 Dynamic Meteorology. 7
5.2.4 Met 504 Climatology and climate change. 8
5.2.5 Met 505 Satellite Meteorology. 9
5.2.6 Met 506 Urban climate and boundary layer. 10
5.2.7 Met 507 Synoptic and Mesoscale Meteorology. 10
5.2.8 Met 508: General Circulation (A,B). 11
5.2.9 Met 509 Tropical weather and climate. 12
5.2.10 Met 510 Agriculture and hydrometeorology. 13
5.2.11 Met 511 Aviation Meteorology. 14
5.2.12 Met 512: Statistical Applications in Meteorology. 14
5.2.14 Met 14: Dissertation (Departmental or through an internship). 16
The M.S. degree in Meteorology and Climate Science is a brand new course/programme designed to provide an uptodate, comprehensive, graduate level qualification for those who wish to pursue a career in the subject or allied disciplines.
The first year’s teaching provides a 44 credit, wideranging scientific view of both weather and climate that forms the basis for the following 12 credit dissertation during 6 months. This latter component will be undertaken either at the University or through an internship at the Bangladesh Meteorological Department for example. Thus the M. Sc., Meteorology and Climate Science is s 56 credit program.
Degree to be offered: M. S. Meteorology and Climate Science
Course duration: 18 months (October 2017 to March 2019)
Course credit: 56 credit: 44 taught credit (36 Theory+8 Practical) and 12 credit dissertation
Course duration
* Taught component including coursework from October 2017 to September 2018
* Dissertation in the Department or through an internship from October to March 2019
* Applicants must be a graduate of any public of Bangladesh
* Their first degree should include a selection from Physics, Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Geography and Environment, Environmental Science, Disaster Science, Chemistry, Ecology, Agriculture Science, Soil Science, Hydrology, Water Resources, Oceanography and Engineering.
* The candidate must have secured a CGPA of at least 3.0
* The selection will be made based on written test and interview.
Graduates will:
* understand the physical basis of, and dynamical principles that govern a wide range of atmospheric
phenomena and be able to express their knowledge and understanding clearly,
* be able to describe and explain the origin and evolution of tropical and extratropical weather systems across
a range of scales,
* know the basic physics and mathematics of application to understanding the atmosphere,
* understand the nature of modern weather and climate prediction, including its limitations,
* be able to produce wellwritten, independentlyproduced reports including the dissertation,
* be able to produce quality weather analysis charts and to interpret forecast products accurately
and in a timely way, including verbally summarising their details,
* be able to work effectively as a member of a team,
* understand the importance of early warning systems, how they are set up and their critical information
relayed to users,
* know the relationship between agriculture and weather and climate; provide early warning and advisory to agriculture services for crop management,
* will be able to analyze the causes of climate change and impacts, adaptation and mitigation strategy.
Numerical Grade 
Letter Grade 
Grade Point 
80% and above 
A + 
4.00 
75% to less than 80% 
A 
3.75 
70% to less than 75% 
A 
3.50 
65% to less than 70% 
B+ 
3.25 
60% to less than 65% 
B 
3.00 
55% to less than 60% 
B 
2.75 
50% to less than 55% 
C+ 
2.50 
45% to less than 50% 
C 
2.25 
40% to less than 45% 
D 
2.00 
Less than 40% 
F 
0.00 
Master of Science (M.S.) Meteorology & Climate Science
The credit total for the MS is 56 and is composed of 14 modules: modules 113 are weighted as 4 credits each plus 12 credits for module 14, the dissertation. Each module will incorporate a practical component including experience of verbal presentation. The students will take 11 taught modules and the dissertation as describes in section.
The MS programme has two streams that depend on the student’s educational background. Each of the streams takes a total of 11 taught modules each having 4 credits and a dissertation of 12 credits.
Stream A is for those whose first degree is in mathematics, physics, engineering and other courses which are strong in mathematical or physical content. This Stream will take Met 501, 503 to 506 in the first term plus 6 out of the rest 7 modules Met 507 to Met 513 in the second; they have the option to take any one of the modules: Met 510 or Met 511.
Stream B is for those whose first degree is in geography, earth science, agriculture and other courses that are less mathematical or physical in content. This Stream will take Met 501 to 505 in the first term plus 6 out of the rest 7 modules Met 507 to Met 513 in the second; they have the option to take any one of the modules Met 510 or Met 511. See Table1 for details.
Table2: Distribution of Modules for Stream A and Stream B
Term 
Stream A 
Strem B 
Term1 
Met 501 
Met 501 

Met 502 

Met 503 
Met5 03 

Met 504 
Met504 

Met 505 
Met 505 

Met 506 
Met 506


Met 507 

Term2 
Met 508 
Met 508 

Met 509 
Met 509 

Met 510* 
Met 510* 

Met 511* 
Met 511* 

Met 512 
Met 512 

Met 513 
Met 513 
Term3 
Met 514 Dissertation 
Met 514 Dissertation 
*These two courses are optional; students will take any one of these course
Taught Modules (44 credits in total).
TERM 1
Met 501: Physical Meteorology (A,B)
Met 502: Mathematics for atmospheric science (B)
Met 503: Dynamical Meteorology (A,B)
Met 504: Climatology and climate change (A,B)
Met 505: Satellite Meteorology (A,B)
Met 506: Urban climate and boundary layer (A)
TERM 2
Met 507: Synoptic and Mesoscale Meteorology (A,B)
Met 508: General Circulation (A,B)
Met 509: Tropical Meteorology and Climate (A, B)
Met 510: Agricultural and Hydrometeorology (A, B): Optional with Met 511
Met 511: Aviation Meteorology (A, B): Optional with Met 510
Met 512: Statistical Applications in Meteorology (A, B)
Met 513: Mathematical Applications, Numerical Modeling Techniques and Numerical Weather Prediction (A,B)
TERM 3
Met 514: Dissertation (in the Department or through an internship)
* Vertical structure of the atmosphere  distribution of temperature and atmospheric layers
* Composition of the atmosphere – major and trace gases, particulate matter
* Introduction to Radiation – short and long wave, radiation balance
* Equation of state for dry and moist air
* Atmospheric moisture  relative humidity, absolute & specific humidity, mixing ratio,
relation with vapour pressure with moisture content
* Temperature – drybulb, wetbulb, dewpoint, potential and equivalent
* Heat transfer – convection, conduction, evaporation and condensation
* Atmospheric stability – adiabatic lapse rates and convective cloud formation, thermodynamic
charts (Skew T diagram etc.)
* Cloud types and precipitation
* Meteorological instruments – surface and upperair
MetLab: Physical Meteorology (2 Credit)
Reference Books:
Shaw, Sir Napier. Manual of Meteorology, Vol. I. Cambridge University Pr, Cambridge, 1942.Google Scholar
Andrea V. Jackson, Handbook of Atmospheric Science by C. Nick Hewitt; , Wiley 2008.
Harrison. Meteorological measurements & instrumentation, Wiley
Peter Hobbs. Clouds Their Formation, Optical Properties, And Effects , Elsevier Science 2012
Craig F. Bohren; Eugene E. Clothiaux, Fundamentals of Atmospheric Radiation, Wiley 2006
Liou, An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation . Elsevier Science 1981
Fred V. Brock; Scott J. Richardson, Meteorological Measurement Systems Oxford University Press 2001;
Dwayne Heard. Analytical Techniques for Atmospheric Measurement Wiley 2008.
Giles Harrison, Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation (Wiley) ISBN: 9781118745809 ; 280 pages, November 2014, WileyBlackwell
Maarten H. P. Ambaum, 2010: Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere (Wily). ISBN: 9780470745151; 252 pages
Fred V. Brock; Scott J. Richardson, Meteorological Measurement Systems, Oxford University Press 2001;
Ian Strangeways, Precipitation , Cambridge University Press 2006;
R. M. Goody; Y. L. Yung, Atmospheric Radiation, Oxford University Press 1995;
Craig F. Bohren; Eugene E. Clothiaux, Fundamentals of Atmospheric Radiation, Wiley 2006;
*Basic functions: Indices, exponential functions, logarithms, trigonometric functions, linear function (straight lines), square, parabolic and polynomial functions.
* The application of Mathematics in Meteorology: Newton’s force law, derivatives of atmospheric variables, time derivatives, advection of quantities of physical, acceleration due to gravity, pressure gradient force, transport equation (advection of physical quantities), momentum equation and continuity equation and heat equations; simplest form of prognostic equations.
Demonstration
Books:
Luther Pfahler Eisenhart, Coordinate Geometry, Dover Publishing Inc.
M. R. Spiegel. Vector Analysis, Schaum’s Outline Series.
James Ward Brown and Ruel V. Churchil, Complex Variables and Applications, 7th Edition, Schaum’s Outline Series.
Anton. Elementary Linear Algebra, 8th edition.
George F. Simmons, Differential Equations, McGrawHill.
R. Kent Nagle, Edward B. Saff and Arthur David Snider, Fundamentals of Differential Equations, AddisonWesley.
Howard Anton, Irl Bivens and Stephen Devis, Calculus, John Wiley and Sons.
M. R. Spiegel. Calculus and Analysis, Schaums’s outline series
J. Holton. Introduction to dynamical meteorology. Academic Press
* Pressure gradient force, Coriolis force, frictional force
* Geostrophic and gradient winds, straight & curved flow
* Momentum, hydrostatic, continuity and energy equations in different vertical coordinate
systems
* Scale analysis of the equations, quasigeostrophic and ageostrophic concepts
* Vorticity and divergence, vertical motion, vorticity equation, stream function and velocity
potential
* Local wind systems – sea/land breezes, katabatic flow
Demonstration:
Books:
J. Holton. Introduction to dynamical meteorology Academic Press
Ambaum, Thermal physics of the atmosphere, Wiley
Hoskins & James, Fluid dynamics of the midlatitude atmosphere, Wiley
Hastenrath, Climate dynamics of the tropics. Kluwer
George J. Haltiner and Frank. L. Martin, Dynamic and Physical Meteorology.
Maarten H. P. Ambaum, 2010: Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere (Wily). ISBN: 9780470745151; 252 pages
Dynamic and Physical Meteorology by George J Haltiner and Frank. L. Martin
* Definition of climate
* Global annual & seasonal distribution of surface climatic variables – MSL pressure, Sea Surface Temperature (SST), wind, air temperature, humidity and precipitation
* Land and ocean airmasses – source regions and largescale circulation
* Climatology of natural disasters – tropical cyclones, norwesters, tornadoes, lightning, floods, landslides, droughts and their impacts
* Nature and application of climate models
* Future climate: global & regional
* Potential impact of Global, regional and subregional climate change on Bangladesh and adaptation/mitigation strategies
* Physical/dynamical reasoning to explain variability and change in climate
* Climate information: products and services specific to application
Demonstration:
Books
Hastenrath, Climate dynamics of the tropics. Kluwer
IPCC, 2013, AR5 report: Climate Change. Physical Science Basis
IPCC 2013, AR5 report: Climate Change, Impacts, Adaptation and vunerability
IPCC 2013, AR5 report: Mitigation of climate change
Hartmann, Global physical climatology. Academic Press
Helmis, C., Nastos, P. T. Ed (2013) Advances in Meteorology, Climatology and Atmospheric Physics
John Marshall; R. Alan Plumb, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics by Elsevier Science 1979
INTRODUCTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: LECTURE NOTES FOR METEOROLOGISTS Prepared by David D. Houghton
* History of satellite technology – instrumentation and orbits
* Rationale of satellite observations – visible, infrared and multispectral sensing
* Derived parameters – albedo and temperature of cloudfree surfaces and cloud tops, vertical profiles of
temperature and humidity, cloud drift winds, water vapour fields and motion vectors, precipitation.
* Tropical cyclone monitoring and assessment using the advanced Dvorak method and AMSU observations.
* Interpretation of imagery, uses and impact of data in NWP
MetLab:505 Satellite Meteorology (2 Credit)
Stanley Q. Kidder, Thomas H. Vonder Haar, Satellite Meteorology: An Introduction 1st Edition
R R Kelkar, Satellite Meteorology, Second Edition
Mölders, Nicole, Kramm, Gerhard, Lectures in Meteorology, Springer
SuYin Tan, Meteorological Satellite Systems. Springer
Remote Sensing Applications in Meteorology and Climatology, Vaughan, R. A. (Ed) (1987)
A. Deepak, Inversion Methods in Atmospheric Remote Sounding
Elsevier Science 2012
* Characteristic of Urban weather and climate
* Urban heat island  features controlling development and intensity
* Urban air quality – pollution sources, factors affecting concentration levels ( complex
built environment, atmospheric stability, wind direction/speed)
* Role of legislation in improving air quality
* Urban flood risk: monsoon floods, coastal tidal floods and storm surges
* Urban boundary layer characteristics
Demonstration:
J. C. Kaimal; J. J. Finnigan, Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flows Oxford University Press 1994.
Baklanov; Alexander Baklanov; B. Grisogono, Atmospheric Boundary Layers, Springer New York 2007;
Urban Meteorology, Dept of Meteorology  University of Reading.
From urban meteorology, climate and environment research to integrated city services, A.Baklanov, D.Carlson, D.Terblanche, X.Tang, B.Lee, V.Bouchetc, G.Langendijk, R.K.Kolli, A.Hovsepyan
Grimmond, C.S.B. 2006: Prof Sue Grimmond answers questions on urban climatology
* Observation systems – GTS system, surface and upper air observations, radar and satellite
observations, ocean buoy observations. Plotting station data, data quality control, data assimilation, analysis of MSL pressure, temperature, humidity and winds.
* Monitor and observe current weather – produce analysis charts and interpret forecast charts.
Incorporate radar and satellite observations.
* Overview of synopticscale weather features including high pressure and low pressure systems,
extratropical and tropical cyclones, ITCZ, troughs and ridges, frontal systems, airmasses and
jetstreams.
* Conceptual models of significant synoptic and mesoscale systems including their formation, evolution
and associated weather including severe weather.
* Use an upper air station array to produce maps of derived parameters such as vorticity,
divergence and inferred vertical velocity.
* Weather forecasting and warnings: process and application
Tools: Manual and computer systems
Books
Inness & Dorling. Operational forecasting. Wiley
McIlveenm, Fundamentals of weather and climate, Chapman and Hall
Thompson, Philip D. Numerical Weather Analysis and Prediction. Macmillan, New York, 1961. Google Scholar
Richardson, Lewis F. Weather Prediction by Numerical Process. Cambridge University Pr, Cambridge, 1922. MATH Google Scholar
Ducan Thompson, Philip D., A history of numerical weather prediction in the United States. In History of Meteorology in the United States: 1776–1976. American Meteorology Society, 1978.
Operational Weather Forecasting. Peter Michael Inness, Steve Dorling , January 2013, WileyBlackwell
An Observer's Guide to Clouds and Weather{ A Northeastern Primer on Prediction. Toby Carlson, Paul Knight, Celia Wyckoff. 2014
C. Nick Hewitt; Andrea V. Jackson, Handbook of Atmospheric Science, Wiley 2008;
Gerald R. North; Tatiana L. Erukhimova, Atmospheric Thermodynamics, Cambridge University Press 2009
* Global radiation annual and seasonal fields – solar and terrestrial, radiation balance
* Largescale annual and seasonal fluxes of heat and moisture, and transport mechanisms
* Climate variability indices including teleconnections e.g. ENSO, IOD, NAO and MJO
* Largescale mean circulation features including the Hadley and Walker Circulations
* Ozone depletion and high latitude stratospheric circulation
* The Quasi Biennial Oscillation (QBO)
Demonstration:
Tools: Computer analysis
James, Introduction to circulating atmospheres, Cambridge University Press
Hoskins & James, Fluid dynamics of the midlatitude atmosphere,Wiley
E. Palmén and C. W. Newton, Circulation Systems. Their Structural and Physical Interpretation.. Academic Press, New York
Ochanan Kushnir (2000). The Climate System: General Circulation and Climate Zones.
Atmospheric Circulation Dynamics and General Circulation Models, Authors: Satoh, Masaki, springer
An Introduction to the Global Circulation of the Atmosphere,
David Randall, Princeton University Press
Global Atmospheric Circulations , by R. Grotjahn, Oxford Univ. Press ...
Introduction to Circulating Atmospheres (Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series). I. N. James
Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Largescale Circulation Hardcover– 6 Nov 2006, by Geoffrey K. Vall
* Mean features of the tropical atmosphere – subtropical anticyclones, trade winds, equatorial trough, ITCZ,
subtropical jet, Tropical easterly jet, African easterly jet
* The South Asian Monsoon –, Tibetan high and associated winds, seasonal & interannual variability, role of t Monsoon trough, Mascarene high, Tibetan High, Somali Jet and the Himalayas; onset and withdrawal of the monsoon, strong and break monsoons, monsoon depressions. West African monsoon
* African Easterly waves
* Tropical depressions and cyclones –Tropical cyclones (hurricanes, and typhoons), geographical and seasonal incidence, North Indian Ocean cyclone double maximum.
* Location and origin of hot deserts.
MetLab:509 Tropical weather and climate (2 Credit)
Books
An Introduction to the Meteorology and Climate of the Tropics by J. F. P. Galvin
Tropical Meteorology: An Introduction (Springer Atmospheric Sciences) 2013th Edition by T.N. Krishnamurti, Lydia Stefanova, Vasubandhu Misra
Forecasters' Guide to Tropical Meteorology: Gary D. Atkinson
Introduction to Tropical Meteorlogy by Dr. Arlene Laing, Dr. JenniLouise Evans
Introduction to climate change  WMO Library
Introduction to Climate Change. David D. Houghton
Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Largescale Circulation 1st Kindle Edition, by Geoffrey K. Valli
* Global relationship of agriculture with climate
*Impacts of weather on tropical crops
*Estimation of evaporation/ evapotranspiration, soil moisture, solar radiation and their relationship with agriculture
*The water balance calculation for tropical regime: Drought monitoring
*Satellite application in crop monitoring
* Impact of weather in agricultural value chain
* Weather forecast and issuing of agrometeorlogical advisory bulletins for crop risk management
*Assessment of rainfall over river catchments from satellite
*Mapping and monitoring of floods using satellites and assessment of associated damage.
*Warning vulnerable communities of impending floods, heat waves and cold waves
* Impact of climate change on water and agriculture
Demonstration:
Tools: Computer and analysis tools
Books
Climate and the Hydrological Cycle — Last modified November 21, 2008 10:51
Climate Change Impact and Adaptation in Agricultural Systems — Last modified July 22, 2014, Edited by J Fuhrer, Agroscope Research Station, Zurich, Switzerland, P Gregory, University of Reading, UK.
Applied Agrometeorology”, Kees Stigter (Ed.) (Springer, Heidelberg etc., 2010).
Drought assessment using SPI, remote sensing and modeling. New book on drought assessment using SPI, remote sensing and modeling.
Agrometeorology and Plant Diseases — The special issue of Scientia Agricola about "Agrometeorology and Plant Diseases" is now available on the web.
Policy and Strategic Behaviour in Water Resource Management — Policy and Strategic Behaviour in Water Resource Managemen. Edited by Ariel Dinar and Jose Albiac
* The atmosphere and aviation – historical perspective , Meteorological organizations
* Effect of pressure, density and temperature on flying– change of pressure, air density and temperature with altitude  altimetry terminology  ICAO standard atmosphere  QNH, QFE, QFF standard setting  transition altitude
* Impact of wind in aviation – Wind shear, cross wind, effect of wind gradient and wind shear on takeoff and landing, turbulence and gustiness  mountain and valley winds
*Flying with Cloud cloud types and flying conditions with special emphasis to thunderstorm flying
* Significance of fog, mist and haze reduction of visibility due to mist, snow, smoke, dust and sand
*.Impact of Air mass and front on flying–Types and formation of air mass and associated weather
* Ice accretion  conditions conducive to ice formation  effects of icing on aeroplane performance  precautions and avoidance
* Meteorological broadcasts for aviation –TAF, METAR, ATIS, SIGMET and VOLMET
Demonstration:
Reading of pressure from barometer, barograph and aneroid barometer; pressure corrected to standard condition; calculation of different pressure like QNH, QFE, QFF, etc.
Observation and reading of wind direction and speed from wind vane, wind sock, Beaufort scale, and anemometer; reporting of wind direction and speed.
Observation of clouds (amount, height & types), reporting criteria.
Observation of visibility with the help of visibility landmark, variation of visibility in different atmospheric obscurity like fog, mist, haze, dust, etc. Reporting criteria of poor visibility.
Understanding of different WMO Meteorological codes like TAFOR, METAR, ATIS, SIGMET, VOLMET.
Reference Books
Handbook of Aviation Meteorology: By Meteorological Office (UK) – amazon.co.uk
Aviation Weather Handbook by Terry T. Lankford (1st edition)
Aviation Meteorology  by K.H. Hack
* Statistical moments of atmospheric data, generating climatology of atmospheric parameters, statistical probability distribution (normal distribution, Gamma distribution)
* Variability of atmospheric parameters using autocorrelation
* Fourier Transform, Spectral analysis and wevlet analysis
* Cross correlation, multiple correlation, linear and nonlinear regression analysis, analysis of variance
* Ftest, Ttest and other tests of significance.
Demonstration:
Tools Computer: softwarestatistical package. MATLAB Mathematical Package,R statistical Package, Programming in Fortran,C++
Statistical Inference and Prediction in Climatology Epstein, E. S. (Ed) (1985)
Time series analysis in meteorology & climate Duchon & Hales Wiley
Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciencesby Daniel S. Wilks
Statistical Inference and Prediction in Climatology Epstein, E. S. (Ed) (1985).
Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology, An Introduction, by Claude Duchon; Robert Hale
* Differential and integral calculus, matrix algebra, solution of ordinary differential equations, solution of second order differential equations
* Numerical modeling techniques – Taylor series expansion, finite difference formulation of atmospheric equations, time integration techniques, instability criteria, parameterization of physical parameters
* NWP – the process and products
Tools:Analytical tools, Numerical Techniques (Fortran and C++ programming), NWPmodels
Books
Introduction to atmospheric modeling. Steyn, Cambridge University Press
Introduction to dynamical meteorology. Holton, Academic Press
General Circulation Models of the Atmosphere by Julius Chang, Elsevier Science
Thompson, Philip D. Numerical Weather Analysis and Prediction. Macmillan, New York, 1961. Google Scholar
Thompson, Philip D. Numerical Weather Analysis and Prediction. Macmillan, New York, 1961.Google Scholar
Richardson, Lewis F. Weather Prediction by Numerical Process. Cambridge University Pr, Cambridge, 1922.
Ducan Thompson, Philip D. A history of numerical weather prediction in the United States. In History of Meteorology in the United States: 1776–1976. American Meteorology Society, 1978.
Numerical Prediction and Dynamic Meteorology: George J. Haltiner and Roger T. Williams .
NumericalPredictionDynamicMeteorologyHaltiner/dp/0471059714 on Amazon.com
Dynamic and Physical Meteorology by George J Haltiner and Frank. L. Martin
The dissertation topics are to be determined by the team of supervisors
* A piece of independent, guided research involving a comprehensive literature review and some contents related to original work based on e.g. data analysis, lab work, case studies