Department of Geology

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1st GEOLOGICAL CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION 2017

Details of Dr. Mahfuzur R Khan


Short Biography:

Dr. Mahfuzur Khan is interested­ in understanding the sustainability of deep groundwater in Bangladesh as an arsenic safe water source as well as groundwater river interaction. He is particularly interested in understanding the role of aquifer heterogeneity in the downward migration of contaminated groundwater in the Bengal delta under different urban and rural groundwater pumping scenarios using numerical groundwater flow models. He is also interested in understanding the role of conjunctive use management of groundwater and surface water in the Ganges Basin to increase the dry season Ganges flow. Dr. Khan’s research is not only important for the Bengal delta and arsenic but also for deltas in general, as they are highly heterogeneous and easily vulnerable to groundwater contamination. He received both of his MS and Bachelor degree from the Department of Geology, Dhaka University and a PhD from the University of Delaware.


Education:

Ph.D. (Geology): 2016, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA. Thesis Title - Water Resources Management in the Ganges Basin: Reducing the Seasonality of Water Availability and Identifying Potential Processes for Contamination of Arsenic-Safe Deep Groundwater.

M.S. (Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology): 2010 (Examination of 2006), Department of Geology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh.

BS (Honors): 2008 (Examination of 2005), Department of Geology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh.


Publications: 

Journal Articles:

  1. Khan, M. R., Koneshloo, M., Knappett, P. S. K., Ahmed, K. M., Bostick, B. C., Mailloux, B. J., Mozumder, R.H., Zahid, A., Harvey, C.F., van Geen, A., Michael, H. A. (2016). Mega-city pumping and preferential flow threaten groundwater quality. Nature Communications, 7:12833; http://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12833
  2. Michael, H.A., Khan, M.R. (2016). Impacts of physical and chemical aquifer heterogeneity on basin-scale solute transport: vulnerability of deep groundwater to arsenic contamination in Bangladesh. Advances in Water Resources, 98, 147-158; http://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.10.010
  3. Michael, H.A., Scott, K.C., Koneshloo, M., Yu, X., Khan, M.R., Li, K. (2016). Geologic influence on groundwater salinity drives large seawater circulation through the continental shelf: Geology drives seawater circulation. Geophysical Research Letters 10/2016; http://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL070863
  4. Knappett, P. S. K., Mailloux, B. J., Choudhury, I., Khan, M. R., Michael, H. A., Mondal, D. R., … Geen, A. van. (2016). Vulnerability of Low-Arsenic Aquifers to Municipal Pumping In Bangladesh. Journal of Hydrology, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.05.035
  5. Khan, M. R., Voss, C. I., Yu, W., & Michael, H. A. (2014). Water Resources Management in the Ganges Basin: A Comparison of Three Strategies for Conjunctive Use of Groundwater and Surface Water. Water Resources Management, 28(5), 1235–1250. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-014-0537-y

Books and Reports:

  1. DPHE and JICA. (2010). Situation Analysis of Arsenic Mitigation 2009. (K. Ahmed, K. Hasan, T. Hasan, & M. Khan, Eds.). Dhaka: Local Government Division, Government of Bangladesh Department of Public Health Engineering (DPHE) and JICA Bangladesh.
  2. DPHE and JICA. (2010). Borelog Data Book. (M. S. Islam & M. R. Khan, Eds.). Dhaka: Department of Public Health Engineering, Local Government Division, Ministry of LGRD and Co-operatives, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh.
  3. Yu, W., Voss, C., Michael, H., Ahmed, K., Feinson, L., & Khan, M. R. (2010). Implications of Climate Change for Fresh Groundwater Resources in Coastal Aquifers in Bangladesh. World Bank, Washington DC.

Conference Proceedings:

  1. Khan, M. R., Nath, B., Huhmann, B., Chowdhury, I., Mukherjee, A., Ahmed, M., … Michael, H. (2015). Origin of Arsenic Rich, Young Groundwater in Deep Tubewells in the Central Southwestern Bengal Basin. In 2015 GSA Annual Meeting in Baltimore. Baltimore, Maryland.
  2. Khan, M. R., & Michael, H. A. (2015). Vulnerability of Deep Groundwater in the Bengal Basin to Contamination: the Role of Physical and Chemical Aquifer Heterogeneity and Pumping. In AGU Fall meeting 2015. San Francisco, California.
  3. Nath, B., Khan, M. R., Huhmann, B., Chowdhury, I., Mukherjee, A., Ahmed, M., … Van Geen, A. (2015). Groundwater Chemistry of Deep (>300 Feet) High-As Aquifers across the India-Bangladesh Border. In 2015 GSA Annual Meeting in Baltimore. Baltimore, Maryland.
  4. van Geen, A., Khan, M., Nath, B., Huhmann, B., Choudhury, I Chakraborty, M., Harvey, C., … Ahmed, K. (2015). Young High-Arsenic Groundwater Confirmed to 250 M Depth Across the India-Bangladesh Border. In Goldschmidt. Prague, CZ.
  5. Michael, H., Scott, K. C., Koneshloo, M., Khan, M. R., & Katie, L. (2015). The Influence of Geologic Heterogeneity on Groundwater Salinity and Aquifer-Ocean Exchange on the Scale of the Continental Shelf. In 2015 AGU Fall Meeting. San Francisco, California.
  6. Khan, M. R., Koneshloo, M., Knappett, P. S. K., Ahmed, K. M., Bostick, B. C., Mailloux, B. J., … Michael, H. A. (2014). Effect of Aquifer Heterogeneity on the Sustainability of Deep Groundwater Resources in the Bengal Delta near a Mega-City Pumping Center. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver.
  7. Knappett, P., Choudhury, I., Barua, S., Mondal, D. R., Steckler, M. S., Ahmed, K.M., Khan, M. R., Michael, H.M., Mozumder, R. H. (2013). Deep Pumping In Dhaka Favors Intrusion of River Water into Rural Drinking Water Aquifers. In 125th GSA Anniversary Annual Meeting & Exposition, Denver. Denver, Colorado.
  8. Khan, M. R., Michael, H. A., & Voss, C. I. (2012). Water Resources Management in the Ganges Basin: A Comparison of Three Strategies for Conjunctive Use of Groundwater and Surface Water. In 2012 GSA Annual Meeting in Charlotte. Charlotte, North Carolina.

Professional Experiences:

  1. Post-Doctoral Fellow: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observetory, Columbia University and Dhaka University Joint Research Project on Groundwtaer Arsenic Contaminaiton.
  2. Environemntal Fellow: Delaware Environmental Institute (DENIN), University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19711, USA.
  3. Research Assistant: Department of Geological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19711, USA.
  4. Hydrogeologist: Japan International Cooperation Agency, Deep aquifer database inventory project with Department of Public Health Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  5. Research Assistant: Department of Geology, University of Dhaka, Project: Implications of Climate Change on Fresh Groundwater Resources in Coastal Aquifers in Bangladesh.
  6. Research Assistant: Department of Geology, University of Dhaka, Project: Earthquake hazard & vulnerability assessment of Dhaka, Chittagong & Sylhet Metropolitan areas.

Teaching:

  1. GEOL107: General Geology Lab (Fall 2012, 2013), Department of Geological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
  2. GEOL203: Earth Surface Processes Lab (Spring 2013, 2014), Department of Geological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
  3. GMT506HG: Water Resources Planning and Management, Department of Geology, University of Dhaka.
  4. GMT508GE: Environmental Geophysics, Department of Geology, University of Dhaka.
  5. GHT207: Geostatistics; GHL111: Crystallography Lab, Department of Geology, University of Dhaka.

Award and Grants:

  1. Professional Development Award, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19711, USA.
  2. DENIN Environmental Fellowship, a competitive fellowship program in the University of Delaware supporting doctoral students carrying out environmentally relevant research for a period of two years.
  3. University Grant Commission of Bangladesh merit award-2009 for standing 1st in the Faculty of Earth & Environmental Sciences in the B.Sc. (Honors) Final Examination-2005.
  4. University of Dhaka merit award-2009 for standing 1st in the Department of Geology in the B.Sc. (Honors) Final Examination-2005
  5. Eastern Bank-Dhaka University Alumni Association merit award-2007 for academic excellence in 3rd year B.Sc. (Honors).